Detection and Identification of Chlamydia causing Ear infection by PCR

Keywords: Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia pneumonia, Otitis Externa, Otitis Media , Hearing Loss ,PCR reaction


Chlamydia bacteria were isolated and identified from One hundred ear swab are collected from patients had otitis externa and otitis media. Ear swabs are taken from patients attending the ENT consulting clinics at Basra General Hospital and Abi Al-Khasib Hospital, of both sexes and of different ages, from November 2022 to May 2023. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used to diagnose 19 cases of chlamydia, including 11 cases of chlamydia trachomatis and 8 cases of chlamydia pneumonia, There are 14 co-infections with other bacteria and 5 single cases of chlamydia. The results of the current study shows the registration of 19 cases of C.trachomatis, C.pnemoniae and more injuries within the age group (1monthes-10) years, by 7 cases of infection and by 36.8%, while 5 cases of infection are  recorde in the age group (11-20) years and by 26.3%, 4(21.05%) cases of infection in the age group (21-30) years ,Two cases of infection in the age group (31-40) rate of (10.5%) and One case (5.2%) in the age group (>60) .These pathogens are find inside cells that are difficult to identify, and they are the cause of pneumonia, ear effusion, inflammation of the auditory canal, and perforation of the eardrum, which affects the hearing mechanism.


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