he Impact of Systematic Thinking on Middle School Students' Biology Based on PLAN Strategy

Keywords: Systems Thinking; PLAN Strategies; Systems Thinking Test (STT)


The purpose of this research is to understand how the PLAN strategy affects the general thinking of middle school students. This researcher proposed the following hypotheses to accomplish the research objectives: There are no statistically significant differences between the average scores of the students in the test group that studied biology using planning strategies (PLAN) and the control group that studied biology using planning strategies (PLAN) using the same methods used in standard thinking tests. The Directorate of Public Education in Baghdad and the First Directorate of Education in Al-Karkh conducted the exam and chose Sayed Al-Shuhada School randomly. Sector (B) was randomly divided into two parts. A strategic learning group (PLAN) of 40 students was trained in the first part. The experimental group (Group A) consisted of 40 students and was studied using the traditional (joint) method. It was intended for biology students. Students who learned the same material using PLAN outperformed those who used traditional methods.


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